Botond L. Márton, Dóra Istenes and László Bacsárdi
Enhancing the operational efficiency of quantum random number generators
Random numbers are of vital importance in today’s world and used for example in many cryptographical protocols to secure the communication over the internet. The generators producing these numbers are Pseudo Random Number Generators (PRNGs) or True Random Number Generators (TRNGs). A subclass of TRNGs are the Quantum based Random Number Generators (QRNGs) whose generation processes are based on quantum phenomena. However, the achievable quality of the numbers generated from a practical implementation can differ from the theoretically possible. To ease this negative effect post-processing can be used, which contains the use of extractors. They extract as much entropy as possible from the original source and produce a new output with better properties. The quality and the different properties of a given output can be measured with the help of statistical tests. In our work we examined the effect of different extractors on two QRNG outputs and found that witg the right extractor we can improve their quality.
Please cite this paper the following way:
Botond L. Márton, Dóra Istenes and László Bacsárdi, "Enhancing the operational efficiency of quantum random number generators", Infocommunications Journal, Vol. XIII, No 2, July 2021, p. 10-18., https://www.doi.org/10.36244/ICJ.2021.2.2