Abdulhalim Fayad and Tibor Cinkler
Cost-Effective Delay-Constrained Optical Fronthaul Design for 5G and Beyond
With the rapid growth of the telecom sector heading towards 5G and 6G and the emergence of high-bandwidth and time-sensitive applications, mobile network operators (MNOs) are driven to plan their networks to meet these new requirements in a cost-effective manner. The cloud radio access network (CRAN) has been presented as a promising architecture that can decrease capital expenditures (Capex) and operating expenditures (Opex) and improve network performance. The fronthaul (FH) is a part of the network that links the remote radio head (RRH) to the baseband unit (BBU); these links need high-capacity and low latency connections necessitating costeffective implementation. On the other hand, the transport delay and FH deployment costs increase if the BBU is not placed in an appropriate location. In this paper, we propose an integer linear program (ILP) that simultaneously optimizes BBU and FH deployment resulting in minimal capital expenditures (Capex). Simulations are run to compare the performance of star and tree topologies with the varying line of sight probabilities (LoS) and delay thresholds. We consider fiber-optic (FO) and free-space optics (FSO) technologies as FH for the CRAN. Finally, we provide an analysis of Opex and the total costs of ownership (TCO), i.e., a technoeconomic analysis.
Please cite this paper the following way:
Abdulhalim Fayad and Tibor Cinkler, "Cost-Effective Delay-Constrained Optical Fronthaul Design for 5G and Beyond", Infocommunications Journal, Vol. XIV, No 2, June 2022, pp. 19-27., https://doi.org/10.36244/ICJ.2022.2.2