2018. 3rd Issue

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László Bacsárdi and Kálmán Kovács
Featured papers of the H-SPACE 2018 conference  
In 2018, the annual International Conference on Research, Technology and Education of Space has been held the 4th time. The host was the BME Space Forum operated by the Federated Innovation and Knowledge Centre (EIT) of the Faculty of Electrical Engineering and Informatics at the Budapest University of Technology and Economics (BME) – in cooperation with the Hungarian Astronautical Society (MANT), which is the oldest space association in Hungary. Three selected papers are featured in the current issue of the Infocommunications Journal.


Bernard Adjei-Frimpong and László Csurgai-Horváth
Using Radio Wave Satellite Propagation Measurements for Rain Intensity Estimation  
The European Space Agency launched a communication satellite called Alphasat in 2013, with two experimental beacons to carry out a scientific experiment by measurement at frequencies of 19.7 GHz and 39.4 GHz respectively. Propagation through the atmosphere at these frequencies is affected by the resence of atmospheric gases and other particles like water vapour, rain and ice drops. Rain attenuation is the most significant parameter which degrades the performance of the links by absorbing and scattering radio waves that can be determined as the measured received signal power’s deviation from the nominal, non-attenuated level. Rainfall statistical data are also measured and recorded by the propagation terminals to provide additional information to apply prediction methods that require minutes of integration time rain intensity.

Andrea Farkasvölgyi and István Frigyes
Optical transfer in space communication  
This paper presents the possibilities of Free-space optical connection (FSO) in space communication in case of satellite-to-spacecraft or satellite-to-satellite link. It summerizes the advantages and disadvantages of optical transmissions in case of near-earth and deep space region. We present the most significant problems during FSO link application and introduce some techniques to eliminate the drawbacks. In this paper, we introduce the use of multi-channel FSO system, which is the most appropriate in order to maximize channel parameters with minimizing the transmission error. It compares available maximum channel parameters of near future space missions. Under special conditions in satellite-earth connection, the usage of the optical link may become very uncertain, because of the strong turbulent medium. We describe conditions under which the optical link can be applied in satellite communication and when it is necessary to effectively modify the optical connection, This article discusses the application of multichannel or more precise diversity systems, which we recommend for space communication.

Máté Galambos and László Bacsárdi
Comparing Calculated and Measured Losses in a Satellite-Earth Quantum Channel  
Long distance distribution of quantum states is necessary for quantum communication and large scale quantum experiments. Currently this distance is limited by channel loss. Previous theoretical analisys and proof of concept experiments showed that satellite quantum communication may have lower losses than optical cable based counterparts. Recently the QuESS experiment [3] realized the first satellite-Earth quantum channel. In this paper we compare  heoretical predictions of different mathematical models with experimental results regarding channel loss. We examine the HV-5/7 model, HV-Night model and Greenwood model of optical turbulences, the geometric [4] and diffraction [5][6] models of beam wander and beam widening. Furthermore we take into account the effect of atmospheric gases and aerosols as well as the effect of pointing error. We find that theoretical predictions are largely in the same order of magnitude as experimental results. The exception is the diffraction model of beam spreading where our calculations yielded only one tenth of the measured value. Given the ever changing nature of weather conditions and the changing composition of atmospheric aerosoles we conclude that calculated and measured losses are in good agreement.


Dániel Péter Kun, Erika Baksáné Varga and Zsolt Tóth
Ontology based Indoor Navigation Service for the ILONA System  
An ontology based way finding algorithm is presented in this paper that allows route generation between two separate parts of an indoor environment. The presented ontology provides a flexible way to describe and model the indoor environment, in addition it fits and extends the existing model of the ILONA System. Ontology reasoners provide an efficient way to perform complex queries over the knowledge base. The instances, that are queried by the reasoner, are used to initialize the graph which represents an indoor environment. Due to parameterization of the reasoner, different graphs can be generated from the ontology which makes the way finding algorithm flexible. Thus, the task of indoor way finding was converted into a well-known graph search problem. Dijkstra’s shortest path algorithm is used for route generation in the graph yielded. The algorithm was implemented and tested in the ILONA System and its functioning is demonstrated by real-life scenarios.

Miklós Gábriel Tulics and Klára Vicsi
Automatic classification possibilities of the voices of children with dysphonia  
Dysphonia is a common complaint, almost every fourth child produces a pathological voice. A mobile based filtering system, that can be used by pre-school workers in order to recognize dysphonic voiced children in order to get professional help as soon as possible, would be desired. The goal of this research is to identify acoustic parameters that are able to distinguish healthy voices of children from those with dysphonia voices of children. In addition, the possibility of automatic classification is children. In addition, the possibility of automatic classification is examined. Two sample T-tests were used for statistical significance testing for the mean values of the acoustic parameters between healthy voices and those with dysphonia. A two-class classification was performed between the two groups using leave-one-out cross validation, with support vector machine (SVM) classifier. Formant frequencies, mel-frequency cepstral coefficients (MFCCs), Harmonics-to-Noise Ratio (HNR), Soft Phonation Index (SPI) and frequency band energy ratios, based on intrinsic mode functions measured on different variations of phonemes showed statistical difference between the groups. A high classification accuracy of 93% was achieved by SVM with linear and rbf kernel using only 8 acoustic parameters. Additional data is needed to build a more general model, but this research can be a reference point in the classification of voices using continuous speech between healthy children and children with dysphonia. 


IEEE Global Communications Conference

4th IEEE/IFIP International Workshop on Analytics for Network and Service Management
AnNet 2019, Washington DC, USA 

IEEE Eurocon Conference
IEEE EUROCON 2019, Novi Sad, Serbia


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2018. 2nd Issue

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Full issue  (14 MB) 


Hum Nath Parajuli and Eszter Udvary
Wired-Wireless Converged Passive Optical Network with 4-PAM and Multi-sub-bands FBMC  
Future 5G based passive optical networks (PON) are expected as capable of the simultaneous provision of wired and wireless services for multi-users. In this paper, for the first time, we propose and demonstrate the simultaneous delivery of wired 4-pulse amplitude modulation (4-PAM) and wireless multi-sub-bands filter bank multicarrier (FBMC) signals in one wavelength using one laser source for the future 5G PON. The 4-PAM can be used in cost-efficient intensity modulation direct detection (IM/DD) systems and it provides the double bandwidth efficiency compared to conventional on-off keying (OOK). FBMC is considered as a potential candidate for future wireless 5G due to its high suppression for out of band emissions, which allows combining multiple sub-bands with very narrow band-gaps. Using multi-sub-bands with a narrow band gap, the overall transmission capacity can be increased. In the designed system, the composite wired 4-PAM and wireless multi-sub-bands FBMC signal is generated and transmitted with intensity modulation in optical line terminal (OLT). In the optical network unit (ONU) the wired and wireless signals from the received composite signal are extracted using an electrical square band-pass filter and separately demodulated using digital signal processing techniques. The designed 4-PAM has baseband bandwidth of 4.8 GHz and multi-subbands FBMC consists of 4 sub-bands of 500 MHz each, having very narrow inter-sub-bands gap of 488.28 kHz and the aggregate bandwidth of 2.0015 GHz. The bit error rate (BER) has been evaluated for the performance analysis of the 4-PAM and multi-sub-bands FBMC for two cases (a) separate transmission and (b) composite transmission.

Gábor Szabó and Eszter Udvary
Advanced Approximation of Channel Quality in a VLC CDM System  
Expanding the functionality of LED indoor lighting with visible light communication (VLC) allows an additional communication channel beside wireless radio in buildings. This service may be based on various channel access methods and modulation types. Code division multiplexing (CDM) is a suitable method to such an application, but it is complicated to measure the signal quality which is essential to compare different codes and settings, and necessary for some applications like position-dependent information services. Computing crest factor is a suitable method to estimate quality, but it may be inaccurate in some cases. This paper presents novel methods to approximate the quality of received CDM signals along with the crest factor, aiding the more accurate investigation of the VLC CDM technique.



Gábor Lencse and Youki Kadobayashi
Methodology for DNS Cache Poisoning Vulnerability Analysis of DNS64 Implementations  
The trustworthy operation of the DNS service is a very important precondition for a secure Internet. As we point it out, DNS cache poisoning could be even more dangerous if it is performed against DNS64 servers. Based on RCF 5452, we give an introduction to the three main components of DNS cache poisoning vulnerability, namely Transaction ID prediction, source port number prediction, and birthday paradox based attack, which is possible if a DNS or DNS64 server sends out multiple equivalent queries (with identical QNAME, QTYPE, and QCLASS fields) concurrently. We design and implement a methodology and a testbed, which can be used for the systematic testing of DNS or DNS64 implementations, whether they are susceptible to these three vulnerabilities. We perform the tests with the following DNS64 implementations: BIND, PowerDNS, Unbound, TOTD (two versions) and mtd64-ng. As for the testbed, we use three virtual Linux machines executed by a Windows 7 host. As for tools, we use VMware Workstation 12 Player for virtualization, Wireshark and tshark for monitoring, dns64perf for Transaction ID and source port predictability tests, and our currently developed "birthday-test" program for concurrently sent multiple equivalent queries testing. Our methodology can be used for DNS cache poisoning vulnerablility analysis of further DNS or DNS64 implementations. A testbed with the same structure may be used for security vulnerablility analysis of DNS or DNS64 servers and also NAT64 gateways concerning further threats.


Tomáš Huszaník, Ján Turán and Ľuboš Ovseník
Demonstration of Multimode Optical Fiber Communication System using 1300 nm Directly Modulated VCSEL for Gigabit Ethernet  
In the recent years, the optical networks have grown to unexpected dimensions. The growth of active users and growing demand for data services set high requirements to network providers. Driving forces of this growth are multimedia, cloud computing and web services which set high bandwith demand. The majority of currently deployed optical networks utilize passive or active network structure using dominantly singlemode optical fiber (SMF). SMF is believed to be the better choice over multimode optical fiber (MMF) for high speed optical fiber communication systems. And in some applications it definitely is. MMF has found use especially for short distance communication as it easily supports distances required for interconnecting building, data centres or campuses. In this paper we present a simulation model of 1000BASE-LX Ethernet with MMF using different optical modulation techniques. The aim of this article is to demonstrate possibilities of MMF based 1000BASE-LX Ethernet with directly modulated vertical-cavity surface-emitting laser (VCSEL).



IEEE International Conference on Computer Communications
IEEE INFOCOM 2019, Paris, France

IEEE International Symposium on Computational Intelligence and Informatics
IEEE CINTI 2018, Budapest, Hungary

IEEE Wireless Communications and Networking Conference
IEEE WCNC 2019, Marrakech, Morocco

IFIP/IEEE International Symposium on Integrated Network Management
IFIP/IEEE IM 2019, Washington DC, USA



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Technical Co-Sponsors





National Cultural Fund, Hungary

National Civil Fund, Hungary